Definition of Major Depressive Disorder
The mental disease known as Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), commonly referred to as depression (Indonesian: Gangguan Depresi Mayor, GDM), is defined by persistent low mood for at least two weeks. Anhedonia, a loss of interest in often enjoyable activities, and low spirits are frequently present alongside this. A person’s family, employment, educational pursuits, sleeping or eating patterns, and general health can all be adversely impacted by MDD. Other terms for this condition include major depression, unipolar depression, major depressive affective disorder, and unipolar disorder or unipolar mood disorder.
Causes of Major Depressive Disorder
According to the biopsychosocial model, depression is caused by a combination of biological, psychological, and social variables. According to the diathesis-stress hypothesis, depressive episodes happen when stressful life circumstances trigger an underlying vulnerability, or “diathesis.” The underlying sensitivity may be genetic, indicating a nature-nurture relationship, or schematic, arising from worldviews formed in early life.
Adverse childhood experiences—including child abuse, neglect, and dysfunctional families—significantly raise the likelihood of developing serious depression, particularly if there are multiple types. Childhood trauma is also associated with depressive intensity, a poor response to therapy, and a longer course of illness.
Major Depressive Disorder Treatment
Several actions can be taken while receiving therapy for major depressive disorder:
To be active, you must unwind, and you must work out for the brain to release endorphins, which are joyful hormones.
Spend time with others, set reasonable goals for yourself, and confide in close family or friends.
Please don’t wait to consult a Psychologist or Psychiatrist right away if you or a member of your family is exhibiting signs of serious depression.
Be sincere, avoid isolation, and ask for support from our qualified Providers.
- Davidson JR. Major depressive disorder treatment guidelines in America and Europe. J Clin Psychiatry. 2010;71 Suppl E1:e04
- Thase ME. The multifactorial presentation of depression in acute care. J Clin Psychiatry. 2013;74 Suppl 2:3-8
- Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement (ICSI). Adult Depression in Primary Care Guideline. ICSI Mar 2016 PDF or at National Guideline Clearinghouse 2014 Dec 16:47315