Definition of Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder is a mental illness that affects mood, energy, level of activity, focus, and capacity to perform daily tasks. Bipolar disease can cause formerly highly happy people to suddenly feel quite depressed and hopeless.
These abrupt mood changes can have an impact on one’s sleep patterns, energy levels, level of activity, behavior, and capacity for thought. Bipolar disorder is a chronic illness. This implies that there is no complete cure for mental health conditions. Nevertheless, treatment and medicine can be used to effectively manage the symptoms.
Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar disorder and its related disorders come in a variety of forms. Depression and mania or hypomania may be among them. Symptoms might bring about erratic changes in mood and behavior, which can cause serious distress and make life difficult.
- Bipolar I Disorder : You’ve experienced at least one manic episode, which may have been preceded or followed by serious depressed or hypomanic episodes. Mania may occasionally cause a break from reality (psychosis).
- Bipolar Type II Disorder : However, you’ve never experienced a manic episode. Instead, you’ve had at least one major depressive episode and one hypomanic episode.
Despite being two different types of events, hypomania and mania share the same symptoms. Mania is more severe than hypomania and results in more obvious issues with relationships, employment, school, and social activities. A psychotic break (psychosis) brought on by mania may also necessitate hospitalization.
- Cyclothymic Disorder : You’ve experienced numerous periods of hypomania symptoms and periods of depressive symptoms for at least two years, or one year in adolescents and teenagers (though less severe than major depression).
- Unusually happy, jittery, or wired
- Increased energy, activity, or excitement
- Inflated sense of happiness and confidence (euphoria)
- Fewer sleep hours required unusual talkativeness
- Flustered thinking
- Making poor decisions, such as going on shopping binges, taking sexual risks, or making foolish investment decisions
Hypomania and Mania Phase
Three or more of the following symptoms are present in both manic and hypomanic episodes:
Meanwhile, the signs of bipolar disorder’s Depressive phase can include:
- Extremely depressed, anxious, or hopeless.
- Really agitated
- Insomnia or excessive sleeping
- Fatigue or a decrease in energy
- Reduced capacity for thought, concentration, or indecision as a result of excessive or improper remorse or feelings of worthlessness
- Suicidal ideation, preparation, or attempt
Causes of Bipolar Disorder
Some medical professionals believe that an imbalance in the neurotransmitters or other chemicals that control brain activity is what causes this condition. Some people claim that bipolar disorder is inherited.
Bipolar disorder is thought to be caused by a variety of factors, such as:
– A traumatic incident.
– Environmental and lifestyle factors
– Genetic components (a family history of bipolar disorder).
Bipolar Disorder Treatment
Drug therapy and psychotherapy are also possible forms of treatment. Bipolar disorder treatment tries to lessen symptom recurrence, assist patients in getting back to their regular routines, and lower the likelihood that they may develop other health issues.
There is currently no known way to avoid bipolar disorder. However, patients are recommended to consistently take prescribed medications or engage in psychotherapy to lessen the recurrence of symptoms.